Developing an EA
Author: Rose Tykinski
Gartner describes Enterprise Architecture (EA) tools as “software applications designed to support enterprise architects and other EA stakeholders with strategically driven planning, analysis, design and execution. EA tools support strategic and tactical decision making by capturing and connecting context and information across business, information, solution and technology domains, along with other relevant architectural viewpoints.” (Searle and Kerremans 2017)
EA tools include those that produce models (architecture description artifacts) and those that store architecture data and their metadata. EA tools may be used by developers and designers to construct, represent, store, manipulate and share architecture data with both IT and business stakeholders. EA tools support collaboration across the EA development team. Some tools support static modeling or dynamic simulation of the enterprise and its systems. Tools may provide visualization capabilities to display architecture data in a way that supports enterprise IT design and analysis targeting business objectives, IT asset management, IT portfolio management, strategic transformation, or executive decision-making. Additionally, tools such as test tools or decision-support tools may also be used during the execution of an EA program to support analyses such as tradeoff analyses.
EA practitioners must weigh the cost-benefit of adopting EA tools. The time to learn to use an EA tool and put it in practice can be significant and can slow the time-to-value of a nascent EA practice. As is the case of many software tools, EA tools may have more features than an EA practice needs: each has strengths and weaknesses that must be considered against the needs of the EA practitioner. Finally, tools can be costly and should be considered in light of the expected value they will provide to the organization.
|Vendor||Tool Name||Strengths (adapted from Barnett 2017)|
|Avolution||ABACUS||IT portfolio management, strategic transformation, stakeholder engagement|
|BiZZdesign||Enterprise Studio||IT portfolio management|
|BOC Group||ADOIT||IT asset management, IT portfolio management|
|Strategic assessment, transition management, communication and reporting|
|Future Tech Systems||ENVISION||Modeling, IT portfolio management, and strategic assessments|
|MEGA||HOPEX||Portfolio analysis, communication and reporting, and strategic transformation|
|Orbus Software||iServer||Life-cycle management, business case, modeling, scenario planning, and strategic assessment.|
|Planview||Troux||EA frameworks, metadata management, security.|
|EA frameworks, financial management, asset life-cycle management, modeling, IT portfolio management, governance|
|UNICOM||System Architect||Portfolio analysis, strategic analysis, communication and reporting|
- Searle, S., Kerremans, M., (2017) Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Architecture.
- Barnett, G., (2017) The Forrester WaveTM: Enterprise Architecture Management Suites, Q2 2017.
- Cane, S., Martinez, C.E., (2012) Organizationally-Agnostic Business Modeling: A Case Study, MITRE Corporation
- Martinez, C.E, Cane, S.A. (2012) Organizationally-Agnostic Business Modeling: How to Make Business Architecture Adaptable to Organization Change, MITRE Corporation
- Gianni, D., (2015) Data Policy Definition and Verification of System of Systems Governance, in L. Rainey, A. Tolk (eds.) Modeling and Support for System of Systems, 99-130
EABOK® Knowledge Areas
Organizational Scope and Structure of EA
Developing an EA
- Business Requirements and Value Proposition
- Methodologies and Processes
- Architecture Frameworks
- Data and Information Management
- Project Management
- Change Management
- Testing and Evaluation
- Modeling and Simulation
- Role of Reference Architectures
- How to Build a Reference Architecture
- Coordinating the Creation of a Reference Architecture
Management of EA
EA in Practice
Perspectives on EA
EABOK is an evolving knowledge base and more information will be released as available.
In addition to the EABOK Board members, the content is also contributed by the following MITRE employees:
- Carla Kendrick
- Brenda Yu
- Eddie Wang
- Rose Tykinski
- Wakar Khan
- Mike Russell
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